Arbitration in Abu Dhabi: All you need to know about arbitrateAD

April 30, 2024by Sudha Sampath0

The Abu Dhabi International Arbitration Centre (arbitrateAD) is the latest Institutional Arbitration centre in the Middle East. This article discusses the ArbitrateAD Rules to equip you to choose ArbitrateAD as your destination to resolve disputes. The references mentioned in this article are from the arbitrateAD Rules 2024, the DIAC Arbitration Rules 2022 and the ICC Arbitration Rules 2021. arbitrateAD will operate alongside the ICC case management office within the ADGM, which is recognized as an offshore common law jurisdiction in Abu Dhabi, and would be able to ensure swift and enforceable decisions across 160 countries. 

Arbitration, one of the Alternative Dispute Resolution processes, is a powerful tool for resolving disputes outside of traditional courtrooms. Of late, with the advent of technology, parties to the dispute have not only become more aware of the advantages of Arbitration, but they are now more familiar with the various options available to them, be it Ad Hoc Arbitration or Institutional Arbitration. In Ad Hoc Arbitration, parties agree to arbitration on a case-by-case basis, often forming the arbitration agreement themselves without relying on the rules of a specific arbitration institution, whereas in Institutional Arbitration, parties submit their disputes to an arbitration institution that administers the process of arbitration in Abu dhabi according to its established rules and procedures.  

Some of the world-renowned Institutional Arbitration Centres include the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) based in Paris, France; the American Arbitration Association (AAA) headquartered in New York, USA; the London Court of International Arbitration (LCIA), based in London, UK; the Singapore International Arbitration Centre (SIAC), located in Singapore; the Hong Kong International Arbitration Centre (HKIAC), based in Hong Kong; the Stockholm Chamber of Commerce (SCC), located in Stockholm, Sweden; and the International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID), headquartered in Washington, D.C; and the reputed Institutional Arbitration Centres located in the Middle-East Region are Dubai International Arbitration Centre (DIAC), based in Dubai, United Arab Emirates; Abu Dhabi Global Market Arbitration Centre (ADGM), based in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates; the Saudi Centre for Commercial Arbitration (SCCA), based in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia; the Qatar International Court and Dispute Resolution Centre (QICDRC), located in Doha, Qatar; and the Cairo Regional Centre for International Commercial Arbitration (CRCICA), based in Cairo, Egypt. 

arbitrateAD: New Arbitration Centre in the Middle East 

The Abu Dhabi International Arbitration Centre branded and referred to as arbitrateAD is the latest addition to the list of Institutional Arbitration centres in the Middle East offering a neutral ground for commercial and governmental entities seeking fair resolution. It consists of a newly established Board of Directors and a Court of Arbitration. With its strategic location, and new sets of arbitration rules (ArbitrateAD   Rules) in conformity with the best international practice, published on 1st February 2024, ArbitrateAD would be able to provide expert administration of regional and global arbitration cases and at the same time guarantee swift and enforceable decisions across 160 countries.  

ArbitrateAD will operate alongside the ICC case management office within the ADGM, which is recognized as an offshore common law jurisdiction in Abu Dhabi. Additionally, ADGM provides both the framework and infrastructure for conducting ADGM-seated arbitrations in collaboration with chosen arbitration institutions and rules selected by the parties.  

Transparent pricing and comprehensive services make ArbitrateAD the latest go-to choice for dispute resolution. It marks the United Arab Emirates’s second significant arbitration advancement in recent years, following the discontinuation of the DIFC-LCIA in 2021. In this article, we’ll break down the basics of ArbitrateAD Rules and equip you with the knowledge you need should you decide to choose ArbitrateAD as your destination to resolve disputes. 

The General Framework 

 arbitrateAD Rules comprises fifty-three (53) Articles categorized under nine (9) heads as mentioned below and 2 Annexures providing for the Schedule of Fees and the Model Arbitration Clauses and Agreement. The nine heads are as follows: 

  1. General Provisions and Definitions
  2. Initiating the Arbitration Proceedings 
  3. Multiple Parties, Multiple Contracts, Joinder and Consolidation
  4. The Arbitral Tribunal
  5. The Arbitral Proceedings
  6. Awards
  7. Miscellaneous Provisions 
  8. Fees and Remuneration  
  9. Transitional Provision    

When does arbitrateAD Rules Apply? 

The ArbitrateAD Rules govern all arbitrations initiated on or after 1st February 2024, provided that the parties have mutually consented to resolve their dispute through one of the following meansi: 

  • Following the arbitrateAD Rules; 
  • Opting for arbitrateAD as the chosen forum; or 
  • Choosing the Abu Dhabi Chamber of Commerce as the venue for arbitration. 

For those Arbitrations that still refer to the Abu Dhabi Commercial Conciliation and Arbitration Centre (ADCCAC), Article 53(2)ii of the arbitrateAD Rules provides clarification: 

    • The ADCCAC Rules 2013 will govern any ongoing arbitration initiated before 1st February 2024. 
  • The arbitrateAD Rules will apply to arbitrations initiated from 1st February 2024, excluding the Emergency Arbitratoriii and Expedited Proceedingsiv provisions unless explicitly agreed upon by the parties. This distinction arises because the ADCCAC Rules 2013 lacked these provisions, and thus, their application cannot be assumed by the parties.  

The specific inclusion of these provisions in the arbitrateAD Rules offers valuable clarity regarding their scope and application. Such clarity is crucial for preventing situations like the recent ruling by a US Courtv, which determined that the parties’ agreement to arbitrate with the now-defunct DIFC-LCIA arbitral centre cannot be automatically transferred to the DIAC, despite the explicit language outlined in Article 6 (a)vi of Decree No. 34 in 2021. 

Standout Rules: What Sets arbitrateAD Apart 

Arbitration Oversight 

The arbitrationAD Court possesses supervisory powers and functions autonomously from arbitrateAD. These include (1) Appointing and substituting arbitrators, (2) Assessing challenges against Arbitrators, (3) Reviewing final awards, and (4) Handling Requests for Joinder and Requests for Consolidationvii. The Court itself does not adjudicate or resolve disputes. 

Default Seat 

If the parties do not specify the seat of arbitration, according to Article 22 of the ArbitrateAD Rules, Abu Dhabi Global Market (“ADGM”) will be the default seat of arbitration. However, the arbitrateAD Court of Arbitration can decide otherwise, if needed. This implies that the ADGM Arbitration  Regulations 2015 would govern the arbitration. It remains uncertain how any conflicts between offshore and onshore Courts will be affected by this. On the other hand, Article 20 (1) of the DIAC Rules says that if the parties don’t agree on a seat, DIFC will be the initial seat of arbitration. However, once an arbitral tribunal is constituted, it will have the final say to determine the seat. 

Efficiency in Action: Timely Resolutions 

Start Strong

With arbitrateAD the parties will have just twenty-one (21) daysviii to file the Answer to the Request for Arbitration as well as reply to the counterclaims, ensuring swift responses. This beats the thirty (30) day window under the DIAC Rules. 

The Answer should containix: 

  1. Complete names, addresses, telephone numbers, and email addresses of the Respondent(s) and their representatives. 
  2. A detailed response to the relief claimed, including the legal grounds for the claim and an initial estimation of the amount sought. Additionally, any comments regarding the nature and circumstances of the dispute should be included. 
  3. Comprehensive information on any Counterclaims, including their nature, basis for claiming relief, and an initial quantification of the amount sought, if feasible. 
  4. If Counterclaims are raised, references to and, if possible, copies of the Arbitration Agreement(s) forming the basis for each Counterclaim and any relevant contracts or documents related to the dispute. 
  5. Comments regarding the selection of arbitrators in line with Article 13, including any necessary nominations. 
  6. Input on the Seat of the arbitration, the applicable legal rules, and the language to be used during the arbitration proceedings. 
  7. Evidence of payment of the required filing fee for any Counterclaims, as outlined in Article 49 and the Fee Schedule. 
  8. Any additional documents or information that the Respondent deems pertinent for expediting the resolution of the dispute effectively. 

Should the Respondent fail to substantially adhere to the filing requirements, the Case Management Office will issue a notice and stipulate a ten (10) business day period for rectification. Nonetheless, such failure will not impede the progression of arbitrationx. 

Similarly, if the Respondent lodges a Counterclaim without meeting the criteria, the Case Management Office will notify the Respondent and provide a ten (10) business day window for correction. Failure to rectify the issues within this timeframe may result in the dismissal of the Counterclaim(s), without prejudice, allowing the arbitration to proceed unaffectedxi. 

Stay On Track

Once the arbitral tribunal is set up, they’ll kick off with a Case Management Conference within twenty-one (21) days of receiving the case filexii, balancing efficiency as against the DIAC’s 15 (fifteen) day time period. 

The Tribunal will decide how to hold the initial case meeting based on what’s best and efficient, either in person or through phone or video conference, depending on what the parties agree on. 

The Tribunal and parties will discuss the following at the initial case management conferencexiii: 

  1. Setting the procedural timeline; 
  2. Implementing active case management techniques, interim measures, or bifurcation; 
  3. Considering options for early resolution or settlement, such as mediation; 
  4. Structuring and phasing the proceedings; 
  5. Deciding on written and evidentiary submissions and witness statements; 
  6. Addressing confidentiality, disclosures, and evidentiary issues; 
  7. Establishing document production procedures and resolving disputes; 
  8. Planning expert evidence procedures, including the use of party-appointed or tribunal-appointed experts; 
  9. Ensuring data protection and cyber security measures; 
  10. Addressing any other matters requested by the parties before the conference. 

The arbitrateAD Rules empower tribunals to maintain efficiency and cost-effectiveness. For instance, Article 31 (3) grants tribunals authority to manage the timetable and procedure, split proceedings, filter out unnecessary evidence, decide on witness testimonies and expert appointments, and guide parties on focusing their case presentations. 

Wrap It Up

Article 38 (3) mandates the delivery of an award within nine (9) months from the initial Case Management Conference (CMC), unless the arbitrateAD Court orders otherwise upon mutual agreement of the parties or at the tribunal’s request. If the parties need corrections or interpretationsxiv after the award, under the arbitrateAD Rules, they have only fourteen (14) days to make their application, giving the entire proceeding a speedier advantage over the thirty (30) day deadline under the DIAC as well as the ICC Rules. 

DocketAD

The proceedings are administered using docketAD which serves as a secure digital platform facilitating communication and file exchange among the parties, the arbitral tribunal, and arbitrateAD. It’s mandatory for all institutional arbitration cases and aims to offer a secure and streamlined means for sharing documents and information related to the arbitration. Additionally, DocketAD functions as a comprehensive repository of case materials and archives them for one (1) year post-arbitration. 

Representation of Parties 

Parties are free to choose their representatives under Article 4 of arbitrateAD Rules which provides detailed guidelines regarding the appointment and responsibilities of party representatives. Particularly, Article 4(4) explicitly mandates party representatives to furnish a power of attorney (“POA”) or evidence of authority upon request by the Tribunal or the Case Management Office. Securing a POA can be a lengthy process, hence it is advisable for parties to initiate this procedure promptly upon instructing their representatives. 

Applicable Law 

According to Article 21xv, if the parties have not reached an agreement on the applicable law, the Tribunal is empowered to select the law or regulations it deems suitable. In making this determination, Article 21(2) specifies that the Tribunal should consider “relevant provisions of the contract” and may take into account “trade usages.” Additionally, Article 21(3) prohibits the Tribunal from deciding “ex aequo et bono“, meaning it must base its decisions on the applicable law rather than subjective notions of fairness.  

Terms of Reference 

Tribunals have extensive authority to manage arbitrateAD proceedings and can freely establish suitable case schedules, as there is no predefined timeline under the arbitrateAD Rules starting from the Statement of Claim phase. The arbitrateAD Rules, however, have borrowed the concept of Terms of reference from the ICC Rulesxvi. The arbitrateAD Rules do not mandate the issuance of a Terms of Reference. Article 24 provides that the arbitral tribunal retains discretion, either independently or upon request by a party, to determine the appropriateness of preparing a Terms of Reference.  

The Terms of Reference must containxvii: 

  1. Comprehensive details such as full names, descriptions, addresses, and contact information including email addresses and phone numbers (if available) of all parties involved, their representative(s) (if any), and the Tribunal members; 
  2. The Arbitration Agreement; 
  3. A detailed description of the dispute’s nature and circumstances, the relief sought, the legal basis for the claim, and, if feasible, an initial estimate of the amount claimed; 
  4. Unless deemed unsuitable by the Tribunal, a list of issues to be resolved; 
  5. The arbitration’s Seat; and 
  6. The applicable procedural rules and a reference to any authority granted to the Tribunal to act as an amiable compositeur or decide ex aequo et bono. 

Updating Claims and Counterclaims 

Making changes to claims or counterclaims is provided under Article 30xviii of the arbitrateAD Rules. If no Terms of Reference have been issued yet, parties generally can’t introduce new claims or counterclaims after submitting their Statement of Claim or Defence and Counterclaim, unless the tribunal allows itxix. If Terms of Reference are issued, new claims beyond their scope aren’t allowed unless approved by the tribunalxx. It’s worth noting that while Article 30.1 mentions counterclaims, Article 30.2 does not. In contrast, the DIAC Rules don’t explicitly address amending claims or counterclaims, leaving such requests to the arbitral tribunal’s discretion. 

Expedited Proceeding 

Under Article 36 of the arbitrateAD Rules, expedited proceedings are applicable if the total value of claims and counterclaims is less than AED 9,000,000 (Dirhams Nine Million)xxi, unless agreed otherwise by the parties. This threshold is notably higher compared to the AED 1,000,000 (Dirhams One Million)xxii limit in the DIAC Rules and closer to the threshold outlined in the ICC Rules 2021 i.e., USD 3,000,000 (Dollars Three Million) or approximately AED 11,000,000 (Dirhams Eleven Million)xxiii. Moreover, the final award must be issued within four (4) months from the arbitral tribunal’s receipt of the case file as compared to the three (3) months specified in the DIAC Rulesxxiv. 

In expedited arbitrations, the following procedures take precedence over conflicting provisions in these Rulesxxv: 

  1. The Request serves as the Statement of Claim; 
  2. The Answer serves as the Statement of Defence; 
  3. If a Counterclaim is made, the Claimant’s response becomes the Statement of Defence to the Counterclaim; 
  4. A sole arbitrator, appointed under Article 13(5), will handle the case; 
  5. Article 11, Article 12, and Article 24 are not applicable. 
  6. The Arbitrator will conduct proceedings according to Article 20(3), considering the expedited nature of the case; 
  7. The Tribunal may, in consultation with the parties, decide to resolve the Dispute solely based on documentary evidence, when deemed appropriate; 
  8. The final Award must be issued within four (4) months of receiving the case file. The Case Management Office may extend this deadline by up to two (2) months upon a reasoned request from the Tribunal; 
  9. The Tribunal will provide a summary of reasons for the final Award. 

The arbitrateAD Rules offer flexibility in this matter as parties can: (i) choose not to utilize the expedited procedure; (ii) request modifications to the standard expedited procedure and timelines to suit their needs; or (iii) request the Centre to apply the procedure in cases involving higher amounts at stake. 

Handling Complex Situations: Parties, Contracts, Joinder, and Consolidation 

The arbitrateAD Rules also provide provisions to manage complex scenarios involving multiple parties, contracts, joinder and consolidation:  

(a) when there are more than two (2) parties involvedxxvi, 

(b) when one arbitration involves claims from multiple contractsxxvii, 

(c) when additional parties want to join an ongoing arbitrationxxviii, and 

(d) when multiple arbitrations under the arbitrateAD Rules need to be combined into onexxix. 

In the event of consolidation, arbitrations will be consolidated into the first-commenced arbitration, the arbitrateAD Court may revoke previous arbitrator appointments, and a party who hasn’t taken part in nominating the tribunal will be considered to have waived such rights. In contrast, the DIAC Rules do not have specific provisions for cases involving multiple parties. 

Empowering the Court: Arbitrator Appointments 

The Tribunal formationxxx proceeds despite any Answer deficiencies. Parties can agree on the number and selection process of Arbitrators, ensuring an odd total. Cases under these Rules are typically decided by one (1) or three (3) Arbitrators, referred to collectively as the “Tribunal”. If parties can’t agree on Arbitrator numbers, a Sole Arbitrator is chosen unless the Arbitrate AD Court decides otherwise, considering case complexity and amount in dispute.  

For Sole Arbitrator cases, parties have fourteen (14) days after the Answer to agree on one, or the Court makes the selection. In cases with multiple Arbitrators, Claimants, and Respondents nominate theirs, and the Court decides on the President unless the Agreement states otherwise. Missing the nomination deadline means waiving the right, and the Court makes the selection. This is unlike the DIAC Rules, which rely on parties to rank Arbitrator preferences from a provided listxxxi. 

All Arbitrators must remain unbiased and fair at all timesxxxii. Any potential Arbitrator must provide a signed statement to the Case Management Office confirming their acceptance, availability, impartiality, and independence. They must also disclose any circumstances that might cast doubt on their impartiality or independence. The Case Management Office will share this statement with the parties and set a deadline for their feedbackxxxiii. 

Before the Tribunal is formed, parties and their representatives can communicate with a potential Arbitrator to discuss the case’s general nature, the Arbitrator’s qualifications, availability, independence, and impartialityxxxiv. They can also discuss selecting the Tribunal’s President but cannot have any other one-sided discussions with the Arbitrator about the arbitration. After the Tribunal is formed, parties must not communicate with it without the other party present. However, they can communicate with the Case Management Office, including in one-sided conversations, for the arbitration’s administration as needed. 

Early Dismissal 

Similar to other significant arbitration regulations, Article 45 of the arbitrateAD Rules allow for the swift dismissal of any claim, defense, counterclaim, or response to a counterclaim that is either (a) clearly lacking legal merit or (b) clearly inadmissible or beyond the arbitral tribunal’s jurisdiction.  

To apply for early dismissal, a party is required to provide the facts and legal grounds and notify the other party(ies), Case Management Office, and Tribunal as per Article 5xxxv. The Tribunal must issue a reasoned decision on the application within thirty (30) days of filing, with a possible extension of up to fifteen (15) days if neededxxxvi. Further extensions may be granted by the Case Management Office upon reasonable request from the Tribunal. 

Waiver of Rights to Invoke Rules  

Article 37 of the arbitrateAD Rules states that if a party becomes aware of any failure to comply with the Rules but doesn’t raise an objection promptly, it’s considered that the party has given up its right to object. However, unlike the DIAC Rulesxxxvii, the arbitrateAD Rules don’t specify a standard of reasonable knowledge or a seven (7) day period for objections. 

Emergency Arbitrator 

Article 35 of the arbitrateAD Rules outlines the process for Emergency Arbitrators, which allows parties to request urgent interim measures before the tribunal is formed. This is similar to the procedures found in the DIAC Rules. If the Court finds sufficient evidence to support the Center’s authority to manage the arbitration, it will appoint an Emergency Arbitratorxxxviii. This appointment typically occurs within one (1) day after the Case Management Office receives the application and fee payment. The Emergency Arbitrator will decide on requests for Preliminary Measures within ten (10) days of their appointmentxxxix 

In exceptional situations, the Case Management Office may extend this timeframe upon a justified request from the Emergency Arbitrator. Any decision or award made by the Emergency Arbitrator must be reviewed for format approval by the Registrar, who may escalate it to the Court for approval in suitable instances. In its decision or order, the Emergency Arbitrator has the authority to assign costs related to any requests for Preliminary Measures. This includes covering the costs of the proceedings, along with legal fees and expenses. However, the final distribution of costs is determined by the Tribunalxl. 

The Award 

The Award will include the following detailsxli: 

  1. The arbitration’s Seat, considered the location of the Award even if signed elsewhere. 
  2. The Award’s date. 
  3. The arbitrator(s)’ names, addresses, and nationalities. 
  4. Parties’ names and addresses. 
  5. A summary of key procedural steps, possibly as an annex. 
  6. Summaries of parties’ Claims, defenses, and main arguments. 
  7. The Tribunal’s decision and reasoning. 
  8. Determination of arbitration costs and allocation of legal expenses. 
  9. Relief granted, such as monetary or other remedies and cost awards. 
  10. Signatures of the sole arbitrator or Tribunal members. 

Prior to finalization, the Award must undergo review by the Court as per Article 40 (1). Article 40 (2) empowers the Court to propose alterations to the Award, addressing any evident clerical mistakes, discrepancies, or oversights. However, the Court is restricted from commenting on the substantive merits of the dispute. In contrast, the DIAC rules confine the Centre’s role to reviewing the draft award for compliance with formalities outlined in the DIAC rules.  

There, the parties are entitled to request the tribunal’s interpretation of the award and corrections for clerical, typographical, computational, or similar errors. Similar to the DIAC rules, Article 41 (4) of the arbitrateAD Rulesxlii permits the arbitral tribunal to electronically sign and digitally authenticate the award. Notably, Article 41 (9) establishes digital delivery as the standard method for award distribution, though, upon request, the arbitrateAD can also provide each party with a physical copy of the award. 

Third Party Funding 

Article 48 of the arbitrateAD Rules requires parties to promptly disclose any outside individuals or entities funding their claims or defenses. If a claimant secured funding before starting arbitration, this should be noted in the Request for Arbitration. Similar rules exist in the DIAC Rules emphasizing timely disclosure of third-party funders. This provision aims to enhance transparency regarding parties’ financial interests and formally acknowledges modern funding practices. 

Confidentiality 

The enhanced confidentiality provisionsxliii in the arbitrateAD Rules, surpassing those of its predecessor, offer a compelling incentive for both local and international parties in the Middle East. With stringent mandates covering all involved entities, including participants, the tribunal, and the Centre and its staff, the rules ensure utmost confidentiality for every aspect of the arbitration process, safeguarding trade secrets and sensitive information effectively. 

Waiver of Appeal Rights 

The arbitrateAD Rules, akin to international standards such as the UNCITRAL, LCIA and ICC Rules, include a provision where parties are considered to have waived their rights to appealxliv the award. Although parties can still seek corrections or additional awards, this clear exclusion of appeal rights is unique in the Middle East region. It offers benefits like legal certainty and swift enforcement, although its effectiveness depends on the applicable law, such as UAE-seated arbitrations where the waiver may not apply due to legal provisions. 

Some Concerns About Arbitration in Abu Dhabi

arbitrateAD Rules do not designate a standard language, so the Court’s case management office will initially decide the language until the tribunal is formed. However, as there’s no clear indication of the criteria used for this interim decision, it raises questions about how the case management office will handle situations involving multi-state, multi-lingual parties in cross-border disputes.  

Conclusion 

The arbitrateAD Rules stand as a beacon of modernity and efficiency, aligning seamlessly with established arbitral standards. Designed to optimize time and cost savings, arbitrations conducted under these rules promise dual advantages for all parties involved. With the introduction of the arbitrateAD Rules, Abu Dhabi’s stature in the arbitration landscape is poised for significant elevation. arbitrateAD might attract parties who might have otherwise favored the ADCCAC arbitration rules. However, with the revitalization of the Centre and the modernization of its rules, it’s also expected to entice parties who would typically lean towards more globally recognized arbitration rules like LCIA or ICC to opt for arbitration under the arbitrateAD rules. 

arbitrateAD Rule 2024 Article 1- Scope of Application

After the date of entry into force of these Rules, the 2013 ADCCAC Arbitration Rules shall continue to apply to any pending arbitrations being administered under those rules.

arbitrateAD Rule 2024 Article 35

arbitrateAD Rule 2024 Article 36

Civil Action No. 2:23-cv-1396, Section: T, Division: 4, before the United States District Court, Eastern District of Louisiana

All agreements to resort to arbitration at the Abolished Arbitration Centres, concluded by the effective date of this Decree, are hereby deemed valid. The DIAC will replace the Abolished Arbitration Centres in considering and determining all Disputes arising out of the said agreements unless otherwise agreed by the parties thereto.

arbitrateAD Rule 2024 Article 3 (3)

arbitrateAD Rule 2024 Article 7: Answer to the Request for Arbitration; Counterclaims

arbitrateAD Rule 2024 Article 7 (1)

arbitrateAD Rule 2024 Article 7 (2)

arbitrateAD Rule 2024 Article 7 (3)

arbitrateAD Rule 2024 Article 25: – Initial Case Management Conference

arbitrateAD Rule 2024 Article 25 (3)

arbitrateAD Rule 2024 Article 42: Correction and Interpretation of the Award

arbitrateAD Rule 2024 Applicable Law to Merits of Dispute

arbitrateAD Rule 2024 Article 23

arbitrateAD Rule 2024 Article 24 (2)

New Claims and Amendments to Claims

arbitrateAD Rule 2024 Article 30 (1)

arbitrateAD Rule 2024 Article 30 (2)

arbitrateAD Rule 2024 Article 36 (1)

DIAC Arbitration Rule 2022 Article 32.1

ICC Arbitration Rule 2021 Article 30 and Appendix VI

DIAC Arbitration Rule 2022 Article 32.5

arbitrateAD Rule 2024 Article 36 (2)

arbitrateAD Rule 2024 Article 9: Multiple Parties

arbitrateAD Rule 2024 Article 10: Single Arbitration under Multiple Contracts

arbitrateAD Rule 2024 Article 11: Joinder

arbitrateAD Rule 2024 Article 12: Consolidation

arbitrateAD Rule 2024 Article 13 – Constitution of Tribunal

DIAC Arbitration Rule 2022 Article 13.5

arbitrateAD Rule 2024 Article 15 – Independence and Impartiality

arbitrateAD Rule 2024 Article 15 (2)

arbitrateAD Rule 2024 Article 15 (3)

arbitrateAD Rule 2024 Article 45 (2)

arbitrateAD Article 45 (3)

arbitrateAD Article Article 42

arbitrateAD Article Article 35 (5)

arbitrateAD Article Article 35 (13)

arbitrateAD Article Article 35 (15)

arbitrateAD Article Article 41 (6)

arbitrateAD Article Article 41 – Form, Effect and Enforceability of Awards

arbitrateAD Article Article 47

arbitrateAD Article Article 41 (12)

About ATB Legal

ATB Legal is a full-service legal consultancy in the UAE providing services in dispute resolution (DIFC Courts, ADGM Courts, mainland litigation management and Arbitrations), corporate and commercial matters, IP, business set up and UAE taxation. We also have a personal law department providing advice on marriage, divorce and wills & estate planning for expats. Please feel free to reach out to us at office@atblegal.com for a non-obligatory initial consultation.

by Sudha Sampath

Sudha is a Senior Associate at ATB Legal. As a legal consultant she handles and extensively writes about Arbitrations in ICC, DIAC and arbitrateAD; DIFC and ADGM matters; and corporate and commercial litigations.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

fifteen + fifteen =